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Does lymphoma cause pericardial effusion?

Does lymphoma cause pericardial effusion?

Pericardial effusion in patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) occurs in 5% to 24% of patients at diagnosis. However, little is known about the incidence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes for these patients. Most cases are clinically silent, and the effusion resolves with treatment of the underlying malignancy.

Does lymphoma cause pericarditis?

Among patients with acute pericarditis or pericardial effusions, cancers of the lung and breast and hematologic malignancies are diagnosed most frequently. Case reports describe pericarditis as an early manifestation of lymphoma, gastric cancer, or ovarian cancer.

What infections cause pericardial effusion?

Infections. Pericardial effusion often happens because of viral or bacterial infections, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (though this is less common in developed countries). It can also happen because of fungal infections or parasites.

What cancers cause pericardial effusion?

Malignant pericardial effusions are most often caused by lung cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, lymphoma, and leukemia.

Does lymphoma affect the heart?

Lymphoma deposits represent 13.6% of metastatic tumors to the heart. As imaging modalities and treatment options for lymphoma improve, more unusual disease presentations may be observed more frequently. We present 2 cases of cardiac lymphoma metastases in heavily pretreated patients and a review of the literature.

What virus causes pericarditis?

Viral pericarditis is caused by a complication of a viral infection, most often a gastrointestinal virus. Bacterial pericarditis is caused by a bacterial infection, including tuberculosis.

What is malignant pericardial effusion?

Listen to pronunciation. (muh-LIG-nunt PAYR-ih-KAR-dee-ul eh-FYOO-zhun) A condition in which cancer causes extra fluid to collect inside the sac around the heart. The extra fluid causes pressure on the heart, which keeps it from pumping blood normally.

What cancers cause fluid around heart?

Lung cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, and lymphoma can cause fluid to build up around your heart. In some cases, the chemotherapy drugs doxorubicin (Adriamycin) and cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) can cause a pericardial effusion. This complication is rare .

Can a bacterial infection cause pericardial effusion?

Bacterial infections are one cause of pericarditis. The bacterial infection causes the pericardium to become swollen and inflamed. Pain occurs as a result of the inflamed pericardium rubbing against the heart. Fluid may build up in the pericardial sac.

What is the most common cause of a pericardial effusion?

Lung cancer is the most common cause of the malignant pericardial effusion. Trauma: Blunt, penetrating, and iatrogenic injury to the myocardium, aorta, or coronary vessels can lead to the accumulation of blood within the pericardial sac.

Is pericardial effusion always malignant?

Pericardial Effusions With Cancer Pericardial effusions may occur with any type of cancer, but the most common include lung cancer, breast cancer, and lymphomas. With lung cancer, pericardial effusions are very common, with many people undergoing radiation therapy for lung cancer developing some degree of an effusion.

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