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# Does the tailplane produce lift?

## Does the tailplane produce lift?

The tailplane is a lifting device that, like standard wings, creates lift. Each of its two extensions is a lifting surface. As air flows over and under the tailplane, it creates lift that holds the airplane in the air. Flight, of course, requires a combination of propulsion and lift.

How do I calculate the lift coefficient?

The lift coefficient is defined as: CL = L/qS , where L is the lift force, S the area of the wing and q = (rU2/2) is the dynamic pressure with r the air density and U the airspeed. Similarly, the drag coefficient is written as: CD = D/qS , where D is the drag force and the other symbols have the same meaning.

### What is a good coefficient of lift?

Lift Coefficient: Incidence Figure 1.23. Typical lift curves for sections of moderate thickness and various cambers. The value of is a very important airfoil characteristic because it determines the minimum speed at which an airplane can fly. A typical value for the type of airfoil section mentioned is about 1.5.

What is the tailplane of an aircraft?

A tailplane, also known as a horizontal stabiliser, is a small lifting surface located on the tail (empennage) behind the main lifting surfaces of a fixed-wing aircraft as well as other non-fixed-wing aircraft such as helicopters and gyroplanes. Not all fixed-wing aircraft have tailplanes.

#### What is a tailplane moment?

The tail moment arm lT is defined as the longitudinal distance between the centre of gravity and the aerodynamic centre of the tailplane, as shown in Fig.

A tailplane is a device located on or near the tail of an aircraft to provide balance, control, and stability. The tailplane consists of a small wing, usually adjustable to allow the pilot more control over the aircraft.

## How do you calculate CD and CL?

The induced drag coefficient Cdi is equal to the square of the lift coefficient Cl divided by the quantity: pi (3.14159) times the aspect ratio AR times an efficiency factor e. The aspect ratio is the square of the span s divided by the wing area A.

What is 1/2 in the lift formula?

As we all (should) know, the lift formula gives us a good representation of what is going on: L = 1/2 ρ V2 × S × CL. Where 1/2 ρ V2 is air density times true airspeed resulting in dynamic energy, S is wing area and CL the coefficient lift.

### What is the lift coefficient of a Boeing 747?

0.52
A Boeing 747 is flying at an altitude of 12,192 meters and has a velocity of 265.5 m/s. The aircraft has a wing area of 510.97 m2. The coefficient of lift is 0.52 and the density is of air at 12,192 meters is approximately 0.30267 kg/m3. The weight of the 747 is 2,833,500 N (637,000 pounds).

Can coefficient of pressure be greater than 1?

As a result, pressure coefficients can be greater than one in compressible flow. greater than one indicates the freestream flow is compressible.

#### What causes a tailplane stall?

Tailplane stalls result from ice accumulation on the leading edge of the horizontal stabilizer. So airplanes with no de-icing or anti-icing systems that fly into icing conditions are most at risk.

When can a tailplane stall occur?

A tailplane stall occurs when, as with the wing, the critical angle of attack is exceeded. Since the horizontal stabilizer counters the natural nose down tendency caused by the center of lift of the main wing, the airplane will react by pitching down, sometimes uncontrollably, when the tailplane is stalled.

## Do planes have rudders?

Description. The rudder is a primary flight control surface which controls rotation about the vertical axis of an aircraft. This movement is referred to as “yaw”. The rudder is a movable surface that is mounted on the trailing edge of the vertical stabilizer or fin.

Who invented the all flying tailplane?

It dates the first adjustable tailplane incidence control to 1929, and claims invention by Clarence Gilbert Taylor, who installed the device on his own Taylor B-2 Chummy. The hand crank and control lines were then fitted to the Taylor (later Piper) Cub.

### What is CL in lift equation?

For lift, this variable is called the lift coefficient, designated “Cl.” This allows us to collect all the effects, simple and complex, into a single equation. The lift equation states that lift L is equal to the lift coefficient Cl times the density r times half of the velocity V squared times the wing area A.

What is CL and CD?

The lift/drag ratio is used to express the relation between lift and drag and is determined by dividing the lift coefficient by the drag coefficient, CL/CD. A ratio of L/D indicates airfoil efficiency. Aircraft with higher L/D ratios are more efficient than those with lower L/D ratios.

#### What is V in lift formula?

In the lift equation, v is also known as the true airspeed. This is defined as the real, measured speed that the aircraft attains in flight. Similarly, ρ is air density, so the value of this variable depends on the height at which you want to find the lift and if it changes, altitude is influenced too.

How do you find the lift coefficient without a lift?

Lift per unit span you can compute if you know the Circulation[1] as Circulation is the strength of the flow around the body and hence helps in determining lift without actually computing lift coefficient (Lift per unit span= ¶ x v x Circulation; where ¶ = density of the flow field).

## What airfoil does the 747 use?

However, the 737 NG airfoil incorporates elements of supercritical design,as does the Boeing 747-8 airfoil. The supercritical airfoils reduce the fuel required, as they allow the aircraft to cruise at higher speeds with lesser drag.

How much drag does a 747 have?

Characteristic Lockheed 1049G Boeing 747
Weight, W, lb 112 000 700 000
Speed, V, mph 330 530
Altitude, ft 23 000 35 000
Lift-drag ratio, L/D 15 16

### What is the lift coefficient of a plane?

The lift coefficient is a number that aerodynamicists use to model all of the complex dependencies of shape, inclination, and some flow conditions on lift. This equation is simply a rearrangement of the lift equation where we solve for the lift coefficient in terms of the other variables.

What is an example of lift coefficient estimation?

LIFT COEFFICIENT ESTIMATION Example AE-332M / 714 Aircraft Design Capsule-4 Lift Coefficient Estimation of F-16 AE-332M / 714 Aircraft Design Capsule-4 F-16 Aircraft Geometry AE-332M / 714 Aircraft Design Capsule-4 NACA 64 A -204 airfoil, c

#### What is the tail volume ratio of a tailplane?

Typically, the tail volume ratio has a value in the range 0.5≤V¯T≤1.3 and is a measure of the aerodynamic effectiveness of the tailplane as a stabilising device. Sometimes, especially in stability and control studies, it is convenient to measure the longitudinal tail moment about the aerodynamic centre of the wing mac.

How does the velocity affect the tailplane of an aircraft?

On most aircraft the tailplane is between the trailing vortices springing from the wing ahead, and the flow around it is considerably influenced by them. Forces on airfoils are proportional to the square of the velocity and the angle of attack. Small velocity changes, therefore, have negligible effect unless they alter the incidence airfoil.