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How do you define birth defect?

How do you define birth defect?

1. Birth defects are structural changes present at birth that can affect almost any part or parts of the body (e.g., heart, brain, foot). They may affect how the body looks, works, or both. Birth defects can vary from mild to severe.

What is another name for birth defects?

A birth defect, also called a ‘congenital anomaly’, ‘congenital malformation’, ‘congenital abnormality’ or ‘congenital disorder’ is any abnormality occurring before birth. Birth defects are usually detected during pregnancy, at birth or in early childhood.

What does to defect mean?

Definition of defect (Entry 2 of 2) intransitive verb. 1 : to forsake one cause, party, or nation for another often because of a change in ideology a former KGB agent who defected to America. 2 : to leave one situation (such as a job) often to go over to a rival the reporter defected to another network.

What are the categories of birth defects?

What Types of Birth Defects Are There?

  • heart problems such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome, transposition of the great arteries, and tetralogy of Fallot.
  • spina bifida.
  • orofacial cleft.
  • clubfoot.
  • Down syndrome.
  • hemophilia.
  • congenital dislocated hip.
  • Tay-Sachs disease.

What causes birth defects in babies?

Some birth defects are caused by genes that can be passed from parents to children. Others result from a problem with chromosomes. A small number of birth defects are caused by exposure during pregnancy to certain medications, infections, and chemicals. For many birth defects, the cause is not known.

What are examples of defects?

An example of a defect is a genetic condition that causes weakness or death. An example of a defect is faulty wiring that results in a product not working. To disown allegiance to one’s country and take up residence in another.

What does it mean to be defected?

1. To disown allegiance to one’s country and take up residence in another: a Soviet citizen who defected to Israel. 2. To abandon a position or association, often to join an opposing group: defected from the party over the issue of free trade.

What are the top 10 birth defects?

Here is a list of the top 10 most common birth defects, according to CDC statistics.

  • Congenital heart defects (CHD) Occurrence rate: 1 in every 110 births.
  • Hypospadias.
  • Ventricular septal defect.
  • Clubfoot.
  • Down syndrome.
  • Pulmonary valve atresia and stenosis.
  • Cleft lip with cleft palate.
  • Cleft palate.

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