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How is adamantinoma diagnosed?

How is adamantinoma diagnosed?

Taking a biopsy of the bone is needed to confirm the diagnosis of adamantinoma. A bone biopsy is a specialised procedure that can be performed by a specialist in orthopaedic surgery or sarcoma radiology at a bone cancer surgical centre.

Is adamantinoma malignant?

Adamantinoma is a primary low-grade, malignant bone tumor that is predominantly located in the mid-portion of the tibia. The etiology of the tumor is still a matter of debate. The initial symptoms of adamantinoma are often indolent and nonspecific and depend on location and extent of the disease.

How common is adamantinoma?

Like OFD, adamantinoma is very rare. Fewer than 1% of all cancerous tumors that begin in the bone are adamantinomas. These slow-growing tumors most often occur in the middle part of the tibia, and in many cases, the fibula bone is also affected.

What is long bone adamantinoma?

An adamantinoma is a rare low-grade malignant bone tumor typically found in the diaphyses and metaphyses of long bones in 20 to 40-year-olds. Adamantinomas are locally aggressive and have the potential to metastasize.

What causes adamantinoma?

These rare tumors, which most often affect teenage boys and young men, usually occur after bones stop growing and require aggressive treatment. While there is no known cause, patients with adamantinoma have usually sustained trauma to the affected area.

Is adamantinoma a sarcoma?

Adamantinomas account for less than one percent of all bone sarcomas.

What is the origin of adamantinoma?

Adamantinoma is derived from the Greek word ‘adamantinos’, which means ‘very hard’. It was first observed in the shaft of an ulna in 1900 by C Maier 8, who believed it was a carcinoma, although the term ‘adamantinoma’ was coined by B Fisher in 1913 9.

Does adamantinoma cause pain?

It often starts as a lump in the middle of the shinbone (tibia) or the calf bone (fibula). Adamantinoma can also occur in the jaw bone (mandible) or, sometimes, the forearm, hands, or feet. An adamantinoma lump can be painful, swollen and red, and can cause movement problems. Adamantinoma is a serious condition.

Is adamantinoma and Ameloblastoma same?

Terminology. The most common form of ameloblastoma – the multicystic form – was formerly known as adamantinoma of the jaw. However, ameloblastoma is unrelated histologically to adamantinoma of the bone, and this terminology should be abandoned to avoid confusion.

Can adamantinoma be cured?

How is adamantinoma treated? Surgery is the best option for adamantinoma treatment. If the tumor and all cancer cells are removed, there is a good chance of being cured.

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