# Is DDM and DCF the same?

## Is DDM and DCF the same?

The dividend discount model (DDM) is used by investors to measure the value of a stock. It is similar to the discounted cash flow (DFC) valuation method; the difference is that DDM focuses on dividends while the DCF focuses on cash flow. For the DCF, an investment is valued based on its future cash flows.

## Is dividend included in FCFE?

In corporate finance, free cash flow to equity (FCFE) is a metric of how much cash can be distributed to the equity shareholders of the company as dividends or stock buybacks—after all expenses, reinvestments, and debt repayments are taken care of.

**When should you use FCFE?**

Analysts like to use free cash flow as the return (either FCFF or FCFE) whenever one or more of the following conditions is present:

- The company does not pay dividends.
- The company pays dividends, but the dividends paid differ significantly from the company’s capacity to pay dividends.

**How do you calculate DDM?**

What Is the DDM Formula?

- Stock value = Dividend per share / (Required Rate of Return – Dividend Growth Rate)
- Rate of Return = (Dividend Payment / Stock Price) + Dividend Growth Rate.

### What is a two stage DDM?

The two-stage dividend discount model comprises two parts and assumes that dividends will go through two stages of growth. In the first stage, the dividend grows by a constant rate for a set amount of time. In the second, the dividend is assumed to grow at a different rate for the remainder of the company’s life.

### When should I use FCFE?

**What is FCFE used for?**

Analysts use FCFE to determine if dividend payments and stock repurchases are paid for with free cash flow to equity or some other form of financing. Investors want to see a dividend payment and share repurchase that is fully paid by FCFE.

**Can FCFE be greater than dividends?**

The second condition is more subtle, where the FCFE is greater than dividends, but the excess cash (FCFE minus dividends) is invested in fairly priced assets (i.e., assets that earn a fair rate of return and thus have zero net present value).

## What is the FCFE model?

Explained. FCFE or Free Cash Flow to Equity is one of the Discounted Cash Flow valuation. This analysis assesses the present fair value of assets, projects, or companies by taking into account many factors such as inflation, risk, and cost of capital, as well as analyzing the company’s future performance.