What is drip irrigation PPT?
What is drip irrigation PPT?
INTRODUCTION •Also known as trickle irrigation or micro irrigation •To apply sufficient moisture to the root of the crops- prevent water stress • A major difference between drip system and most other systems is that the balance between crop evapotranspiration and applied water.
What is drip irrigation PDF?
Drip irrigation refers to application of water in small quantity at the rate of mostly less than 12 lph as drops to the zone of the plants through a network of plastic pipes fitted with emitters.
What is the principle of drip irrigation?
Working Principle. With drip irrigation, water is conveyed under pressure through a pipe system to the fields, where it drips slowly onto the soil through emitters or drippers, which are located close to the plants. Capacity/Adequacy. It is applicable to almost every crop prediction, especially in arid, dry areas.
What are the types of drip irrigation?
In principle, there are two types of drip irrigation:
- Sub-surface drip irrigation – Water is applied below the soil surface.
- Surface drip irrigation – Water is applied directly to the soil surface.
What is the importance of drip irrigation?
In addition, drip irrigation: Prevents disease by minimizing water contact with the leaves, stems, and fruit of plants. Allows the rows between plants to remain dry, improving access and reducing weed growth. Saves time, money, and water because the system is so efficient.
What is drip irrigation with diagram?
Drip irrigation is sometimes called trickle irrigation and involves dripping water onto the soil at very low rates (2-20 litres/hour) from a system of small diameter plastic pipes fitted with outlets called emitters or drippers.
Which is the benefit of drip irrigation?
Drip irrigation is the most efficient water and nutrient delivery system for growing crops. It delivers water and nutrients directly to the plant’s roots zone, in the right amounts, at the right time, so each plant gets exactly what it needs, when it needs it, to grow optimally.
Where is drip irrigation used?
Drip irrigation has more commonly been used in commercial nursery and farm operations, however, homeowners are beginning to take advantage of its uses and benefits. As a homeowner, you can use drip irrigation in your vegetable and perennial gardens, and to water trees and shrubs.
Who invented drip irrigation?
Israel invented drip irrigation, a technology that has spread rapidly since its introduction in the 1960s and which is widely touted as a key way for countries to close their water gap and be more adapted to climate change.
Who started drip irrigation?
What are the benefits of drip?
Benefits of Drip Irrigation
- Prevents disease by minimizing water contact with the leaves, stems, and fruit of plants.
- Allows the rows between plants to remain dry, improving access and reducing weed growth.
- Saves time, money, and water because the system is so efficient.
- Decreases labor.
What are the applications of drip irrigation?
Applications: Drip irrigation is used by farms, commercial green houses and residential green houses . For cultivation in roof gardens. In shopping malls and embankments. In steep slopes Drip irrigation in crop production Drip irrigation in embakments Drip irrigation in step slopes 16.
Which crop can be grown by drip irrigation?
DRIP IRRIGATION IS USEFUL FOR CROPS… FRUIT CROPS Banana,pomegranate,Grapes,Citrus,pineapple,watermelon,mango, etc. VEGETABLE CROPS Cabbage,Cauliflower,,Potato,,Chillis,Radish,Brinjal,,, Capsicum, Bhindi, Beans, Baby corn,Carrots,Cucumber, Ashgourd, Gherkins.etc. COMMERCIAL CROP , Cotton,. 7.
How to grow onions under drip irrigation?
Depending on the year, summer rainfall, and the soil, 14 to 32 acre-inches/acre of water has been needed to raise onions under drip irrigation in the Treasure Valley. 5.9 STANDARD MAINTENANCE Add chlorine or other chemicals to the drip line periodically to kill bacteria and algae. Acid might also be needed to dissolve calcium carbonates.