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What is eccrine hidrocystoma?

What is eccrine hidrocystoma?

Eccrine hidrocystomas are small translucent, fluid-filled cysts of eccrine duct origin. They are considered to be ductal retention cysts, and often enlarge in conditions that stimulate perspiration. Hidrocystomas can be classified into solitary (Smith) type and multiple (Robinson) type.

What causes eccrine hidrocystoma?

The exact cause of the hidrocystoma is unknown but it is hypothesized that the eccrine hidrocystoma is due to the obstruction of the eccrine sweat gland which causes the retention of secretions and the appearance of a dilated cystic structure.

Is hidrocystoma cancerous?

Hidrocystoma and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) are common eyelid lesions. The former is benign while the latter is malignant and can cause significant destruction of the adnexal structures, orbital invasion and visual loss.

How do you get rid of hidrocystomas?

Apocrine hidrocystomas can be incised and drained; however, electrosurgical destruction of the cyst wall often is recommended to prevent recurrence. Punch, scissors, or elliptical excision also can remove tumors. Multiple apocrine hidrocystomas can be treated with carbon dioxide laser vaporization.

What does a hidrocystoma look like?

They appear as dome-shaped, solitary, clear, cystic nodules with a smooth surface, and the color varies, ranging from flesh-colored to blue-black. Although the solitary hidrocystoma is the most common clinical presentation, multiple lesions on the face and neck have been reported.

Can you pop a hidrocystoma?

You can see the doctor slicing into one of the hidrocystomas, and pinching it with her two fingers. Then—surprise—light pink and clear liquid comes oozing out, kind of like when you pop and drain a blister.

How do you prevent hidrocystoma?

Finally, avoiding hot temperatures or humid conditions will help prevent worsening of symptoms in patients diagnosed with eccrine-type hidrocystomas. 1, 2. 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 17, 21. Alfadley A, Al Aboud K, Tulba A, Mazen M.

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