What is Fortition in phonology?
What is Fortition in phonology?
noun. Phonetics. a phonological process that strengthens consonant articulation at the beginnings of syllables, causing devoicing or the formation of stops.
What is an example of lenition?
Lenition can be seen in Canadian and American English, where [t] and [d] soften to a tap [ɾ] (flapping) when not in initial position and followed by an unstressed vowel. For example, both rate and raid plus the suffix -er are pronounced [ˈɹeɪ̯ɾɚ].
What is lenition in phonetics?
noun. Phonetics. a phonological process that weakens consonant articulation at the ends of syllables or between vowels, causing the consonant to become voiced, spirantized, or deleted. Linguistics. a type of Celtic mutation that derives historically from phonological lenition.
What is the purpose of lenition?
Lenition is an initial consonant mutation which “weakens” (cf. Latin lenis ‘weak’) the sound of the consonant at the beginning of a word. It is used to mark certain morphological contrasts and to mark inflection.
What is Epenthesis example?
“Epenthesis occurs frequently, both in legal and in lay language. The addition of an i before the t in speciality is an example. The pronunciation of jewelry as ‘jewelery’ is a result of epenthesis, as is the pronunciation ‘contentuous’ for contentious.
What is Palatalization linguistics?
palatalization, in phonetics, the production of consonants with the blade, or front, of the tongue drawn up farther toward the roof of the mouth (hard palate) than in their normal pronunciation.
Is aspiration a lenition?
In traditional Gaelic grammar aspiration is refers to the phenomenon of lenition. This is not the standard usage among grammarians today, who reserve the term aspiration for the phonetic phenomenon described below involving a puff of air when pronouncing a consonant.
What is lenited form?
Lenition (softening) is a process whereby certain consonants which appear at the beginning of words are made ‘softer’. This is indicated in writing by adding a h after the consonant. For example, lenition changes [p] to an [f] sound which is spelled ph.
What is Degemination and example?
degemination (countable and uncountable, plural degeminations) (phonetics, uncountable) The inverse process of gemination, when a spoken long consonant is pronounced for an audibly shorter period. (countable) A particular instance of such change.
What is the difference between prothesis and epenthesis?
In phonology, epenthesis (/ɪˈpɛnθəsɪs, ɛ-/; Greek ἐπένθεσις) means the addition of one or more sounds to a word, especially at the beginning (prothesis) or at the end (paragoge). The word epenthesis comes from epi- “in addition to” and en- “in” and thesis “putting”.
How do you write an epenthesis?
Adjective: epenthetic. Verb: epenthesize. Also known as intrusion or anaptyxis. According to some linguists, “vowel epenthesis is often motivated by the need to make consonant contrasts more distinct” (The Handbook of Speech Perception, 2005).
What is palatalization and example?
Palatalization also refers to the process of sound change in which a nonpalatal consonant, like k, changes to a palatal consonant, like ch or sh; e.g., French chaîne (pronounced with an initial sh sound) developed from Latin catena (pronounced with an initial k sound).
Is palatalization a Lenition?
Palatalization involves change in the place or manner of articulation of consonants, or the fronting or raising of vowels. In some cases, palatalization involves assimilation or lenition.
What is the difference between aspirated and Unaspirated?
Due to longer opening phase, slope of opening phase in aspirated sound is lower whereas the same in the case of unaspirated sounds is steeper. Similar characteristics are observed in the case of return phase. The duration of return phase of aspirated sound is longer compared to its unaspirated counterpart.
Is Palatalization a lenition?
What is Haplology linguistics?
type of dissimilation In linguistics: Sound change. … special case of dissimilation is haplology, in which the second of the two identical or similar syllables is dropped.
What are epenthetic vowels?
One epenthetic vowel is the preceding vowel, found in the illative case ending -(h)*n: maa → maahan, talo → taloon. The second is [e], connecting stems that have historically been consonant stems to their case endings: nim+n → nimen.
What is excrescence in linguistics?
Excrescence (phonology), the addition of a consonant to a word.
What is epenthesis example?
What is palatalization in morphology?
Palatalization /ˌpælətəlaɪˈzeɪʃən/ is a historical-linguistic sound change that results in a palatalized articulation of a consonant or, in certain cases, a front vowel. Palatalization involves change in the place or manner of articulation of consonants, or the fronting or raising of vowels.