Tricks and tips for everyone


What is superframe structure?

What is superframe structure?

A novel superframe structure is introduced that comprises two CAPs and a CFP, where CFP precedes both CAPs and inactive periods. The proposed superframe structure reduces the delay and allows a GTS requesting node to transmit its data within a BI duration, which is not possible in the standard.

What is FFD and RFD in ZigBee?

A ZigBee system consists of several components. The most basic is the device. A device can be a full-function device (FFD) or reduced-function device (RFD). A network includes at least one FFD, operating as the personal area network (PAN) coordinator.

What is Beacon frame in ZigBee?

ZigBee networks can use beacon or non-beacon environments. Beacons are used to synchronize the network devices, identify the HAN, and describe the structure of the superframe. The beacon intervals are set by the network coordinator and vary from 15ms to over 4 minutes.

Why is superframe used?

Superframe is sometimes called D4 Framing to avoid confusion with single-frequency signaling. It was first supported by the D2 channel bank, but it was first widely deployed with the D4 channel bank.

What is extended superframe?

Extended Superframe: A DS1 framing format in which 24 DS0 times lots, plus a coded framing bit are organized into a frame which is repeated 24 times to form a superframe. Synonyms. ESF.

What is PAN coordinator in ZigBee?

The ZigBee PAN (Personal Area Network) Coordinator is the focal point of an entire ZigBee network. The diagram below illustrates a very basic ZigBee network that could be implemented within any building or industrial site to carry out HVAC control, security/access control and fire detection.

What is the function of FFD?

The full function device FFD : The FFD is an intermediary router transmitting data from other devices. It needs lesser memory than the ZigBee coordinator node, and entails lesser manufacturing costs. It can operate in all topologies and can act as a coordinator.

Which antenna is used in ZigBee?

[D] Trace ZigBee antennas are another type of PCB antenna commonly used with ZigBee. Trace antennas are extremely low profile as the antennas component is made from foil printed directly onto the device’s PCB in a specific geometric pattern which provides the necessary resonance.

What is ZigBee frequency range?

2.4 GHz
ZigBee is a short-range, low-data-rate, energy-efficient wireless technology that is based on the IEEE 802.15. 4 standard. ZigBee utilizes 16 channels in the 2.4 GHz ISM band worldwide, 13 channels in the 915 MHz band in North America, and one channel in the 868 MHz band in Europe.

What is the purpose of a beacon frame?

Beacon frame is one of the management frames in IEEE 802.11 based WLANs. It contains all the information about the network. Beacon frames are transmitted periodically, they serve to announce the presence of a wireless LAN and to synchronise the members of the service set.

What is beacon and probe?

Beacon probing is a network failover detection mechanism that sends and listens for beacon probe packets on all physical NICs in the team. In a teamed uplink packets will be sent through each physical NIC.

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