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What is the cultivation process of tea?

What is the cultivation process of tea?

Tea can be propagated by seed and by cuttings. Seeds collected from the fruits of seed baries are soaked in water and only heavy seeds, which sink, are alone used for sowing in beds. Germination occurs in 20 to 30 days. At that stage they are carefully lifted and transplanted in polythene sleeves.

How is tea cultivated in India?

Tea gardens are set up on the cleared hill slopes where shade trees are planted in advance. Seeds are sown in the germination beds and the saplings transplanted to the garden. The garden is regularly hoed and weeded so that tea bush grows without any hindrance.

Which type of agriculture is tea cultivation?

Tea cultivation is an example of plantation agriculture. Plantation agriculture is a form of commercial farming where crops are grown for profit. Countries that experience tropical climate with high annual temperatures and high annual rainfall are best suited for this type of agriculture.

How a tea plantation is managed?

Tea requires well drained soil with high amount of organic matter and pH 4.5 to 5.5. The performance of tea is excellent at elevations ranging from 1000 – 2500 m. Optimum temperature: 20 – 270 C. The nursery soil should be well drained and deep loam in nature with pH of 4.5 to 4.8.

Who introduced tea cultivation in India?

In 1788, The Royal Society of Arts began deliberating on the idea of transplanting saplings from China. Then, in 1824, tea saplings were discovered in Assam by Robert Bruce and Maniram Dewan. Tea plantations later expanded across Assam and Darjeeling.

How do you prepare land for tea cultivation?

Land Preparation

  1. Soil Testing. i) Test the soil of the proposed area at least one year ahead of planting.
  2. Survey and Planning. i) Survey the area by a competent surveyor and prepare a contour map if the area is undulating or sloppy.
  3. Land Clearing. i)
  4. Land Preparation. i)
  5. Digging of Field Drains.

Who started tea cultivation in India?

Where is tea cultivated?

Tea is mainly grown in Asia, Africa, South America, and around the Black and Caspian Seas. The four biggest tea-producing countries today are China, India, Sri Lanka and Kenya. Together they represent 75% of world production.

Where is tea cultivated in India?

India’s terrain defines its tea-growing regions by the subcontinent’s significant differences in climate and geography. The three main Indian tea regions are Assam, Darjeeling, and Nilgiri.

What are the physical factors required for tea cultivation?

Tea requires a temperature ranging from 21°C to 29°C. Tea grows well in the regions which receive rainfall in between 150-200 cm. The soil should be well drained. However, stagnant water damages the tea crops.

What type of climate does tea grow in?

warm, humid climate
In its wild state, tea grows best in regions which enjoy a warm, humid climate with a rainfall measuring at least 100 centimetres a year. Ideally, it likes deep, light, acidic and well-drained soil. Given these conditions, tea will grow in areas from sea level up to altitudes as high as 2,100 metres above sea level.

Which state is called Tea Garden of India?

Assam tea

Type Black
Other names NA
Origin Assam, India
Quick description Brisk and malty with a bright colour.

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