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What is the difference between calcium Borogluconate and calcium gluconate?

What is the difference between calcium Borogluconate and calcium gluconate?

Calcium gluconate and calcium borogluconate are the preferred forms for intravenous and subcutaneous administration because CaCl2 causes extensive necrosis and sloughs of tissue when administered perivascularly. Compared to calcium gluconate, calcium borogluconate has improved solubility and shelf life.

What is calcium injection used for?

Calcium chloride injection is a mineral indicated in the immediate treatment of hypocalcemic tetany (abnormally low levels of calcium in the body that cause muscle spasm). Calcium chloride injection is also used in cardiac resuscitation, and to treat certain insect bites or stings.

How do you administer calcium Borogluconate?

Administer slowly by intravenous or subcutaneous injection. Intravenous administration is recommended for the treatment of acute conditions.

What is the treatment of milk fever in cows?

Milk fever cases should be treated with 500 milliliters of 23 percent calcium gluconate IV and followed by the administration of two oral calcium bolus given 12 hours apart. It is important to emphasize that oral calcium bolus should not be administered if cows do not respond to the calcium IV treatment.

What is calcium Borogluconate?

Calcium borogluconate is for treatment of hypocalcemia (also called parturient paresis and commonly called milk fever) in cattle, sheep, and goats, and administered at 1 ml/kg ( intravenous, intramuscular, or subcutaneous). No withdrawal time is required (Allen, et al, 1993).

Are calcium injections safe?

Rapid intravenous injection of calcium salts may cause vasodilation, decreased blood pressure, bradycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, syncope and cardiac arrest. Use in digitalized patients may precipitate arrhythmias. Local necrosis and abscess formation may occur with intramuscular injection.

What are the signs of calcium deficiency in sheep?

Calcium Deficiency Cause: Low calcium forages to pregnant ewes. Lack of free choice calcium mineral. Clinical Sign: Weakness, inappetance, muscle tremors, inability to rise.

What do you give a cow for calcium deficiency?

Limestone is a source of calcium. Supplementation programs should be designed to provide approximately 40 grams of magnesium oxide and 80 grams of limestone per cow per day. Greater amounts may be required if the potassium level in the diet is very high.

How much calcium do sheep need?

Farmers can influence the risk of hypocalcaemia by ensuring the ewes get fed a balanced diet which contains at least 3gm/kg DM calcium, and up to 5gm/kg in ewes with multiple lambs.

Can you give a cow too much calcium?

In an emergency situation, that increase is good and needed. Therefore, Oetzel recommends that any cow that is down with milk fever should immediately be given 500 milliliters slowly. There is a risk with IV treatment, however, because blood calcium may increase too much and cause a heart attack.

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