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What type of plan was the Great Mosque of Damascus?

What type of plan was the Great Mosque of Damascus?

basilical plan
Unlike the simpler mosques of the time, the Umayyad Mosque had a large basilical plan with three parallel aisles and a perpendicular central nave leading from the mosque’s entrance to the world’s second concave mihrab (prayer niche).

What is unusual about the Great Mosque of Isfahan?

The Great Mosque of Isfahan in Iran is unique in this regard and thus enjoys a special place in the history of Islamic architecture. Its present configuration is the sum of building and decorating activities carried out from the 8th through the 20th centuries.

What is the Great Mosque of Isfahan known for?

It is the oldest preserved edifice of its type in Iran and a prototype for later mosque designs throughout Central Asia. The complex, covering more than 20,000 m2, is also the first Islamic building that adapted the four-courtyard layout of Sassanid palaces to Islamic religious architecture.

Who made the Great Mosque of Isfahan?

Malik Shah I (ruled 1072-1092) built the four-iwan design. Nizam al-Mulk (commisioned the dome in 1086) and Taj al-Mulk, two rulers of Isfahan, fought for legacy by trying to create the best dome above the iwans.

What are the design features of the Great Friday Mosque?

The Great Mosque is rectangular in its plan and is surrounded by an exterior wall. Walls: The walls of the Great Mosque comprise sun-baked mud bricks called ferey and sand and dirt-based mortar. The walls are coated with mud plaster, giving the walls a smooth look and protection from the elements.

Why was the Great Mosque constructed?

According to legend, the original Great Mosque was probably erected in the 13th century, when King Koi Konboro—Djenné’s twenty-sixth ruler and its first Muslim sultan (king)—decided to use local materials and traditional design techniques to build a place of Muslim worship in town.

How is the Great Mosque of Isfahan integrated with the urban environment?

2. How is the Great Mosque of Isfahan integrated with the urban environment? pedestrian hub, connecting the arterial network of paths crisscrossing the city.

How was the Great Mosque of Isfahan built?

It was built in mud-brick and had stucco-decoration in the Syro-Mesopotamian style of Abbasid architecture. Its remains were excavated in the 1970s during studies of the present-day mosque. The mosque was then replaced by a larger one in 840-841 during the reign of Al-Mu’tasim.

How was the Great Mosque of Djenne constructed?

Like hundreds of other buildings in Djenne, the Great Mosque is made of mud. It was built in 1907, but the town’s mud architecture dates back to at least the 14th century. To create the buildings, masons pack mud and straw into bricks, allow them to dry in the sun, and stack them to form walls.

Who designed Djenné mosque?

Ismaila Traoré
It was only in 1907, by which time Djenné had become a French colonial outpost, that the mosque we see today was constructed on the site of the first one. The architect, Ismaila Traoré, the city’s chief mason and a Muslim, used traditional materials, including the palm-trunk inserts that bristle from the facade.

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