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Which tumor marker level is usually increased in liver cancer?

Which tumor marker level is usually increased in liver cancer?

Increased AFP levels may indicate the presence of cancer, most commonly liver cancer, cancer of the ovary, or germ cell tumor of the testicles.

What is the normal range for liver cancer markers?

The normal level for most healthy adults is between 0 and 8 ng/mL. The reference range will vary with pregnant women. Many things, including cancer, liver diseases like hepatitis and cirrhosis, as well as an injured liver that’s healing, can raise that number. You’ll likely need more tests to get the right diagnosis.

What causes primary liver cancer?

Being overweight or having obesity.

  • Having a long-term hepatitis B virus or hepatitis C virus infection.
  • Smoking cigarettes.
  • Drinking alcohol.
  • Having cirrhosis (scarring of the liver,which can also be caused by hepatitis and alcohol use).
  • Having nonalcoholic fatty liver disease external icon (extra fat in the liver that is not caused by alcohol).
  • Are tumor markers useful to detect cancer?

    Tumor markers are substances produced by the body when cancer appears. In many cases, early diagnosis of cancer is crucial to increase the chance of a cure. In this sense, tumor markers can be used to detect the appearance of cancer through a simple blood test. However, not all cancer patients experience an elevation in tumor markers.

    What causes elevated tumor markers?

    Tumor marker levels can be elevated in people with benign conditions.

  • Tumor marker levels are not elevated in every person with cancer—especially in the early stages of the disease.
  • Many tumor markers are not specific to a particular type of cancer; the level of a tumor marker can be raised by more than one type of cancer.
  • What are liver cancer symptoms and signs?

    unexplained weight loss,wasting (cachexia),

  • decreased appetite,
  • nausea or vomiting,
  • feeling of an enlarged liver (feeling a mass under the ribs on the right side),
  • enlarged spleen (feeling a mass under the ribs on the left side),
  • pain in the abdomen or near the right shoulder blade,
  • increased swelling of the feet and belly,
  • fluid build-up in the belly,
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