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Why was Peru important to Spain?

Why was Peru important to Spain?

Its territory included all of South America except Venezuela and Portuguese Brazil. Although ranching, agriculture, and commerce were carried on, the mining of precious metals, particularly silver, was the basic industry, making the colony the most important in the Spanish empire.

Was Peru founded by Spain?

After the conquest of the Incas, the Spanish Empire established a Viceroyalty with jurisdiction over most of its South American domains. Peru declared independence from Spain in 1821, but achieved independence only after the Battle of Ayacucho three years later.

When did Spain invent Peru?

Establishing the Viceroyalty of Peru In 1533 the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro gained control over Cusco, the capital of the Inca Empire, ending the Inca rule and ushering in a new era.

How was Spanish introduced in Peru?

In 1526, the Spanish arrived in Peru. Led by Francisco Pizarro, Spanish colonists made their appearance just after a long civil war between two rival Inca kings, which served to weakened the Inca’s defenses.

How did Spain Impact Peru?

The Spanish Conquest in Peru, starting in 1532 A.D., resulted in extreme depopulation of the Chira coast within a century of the conquest (4, p. 125), which drastically changed the local economy, devastating traditional coastal shellfish harvesting.

Was Peru a colony of Spain?

The Viceroyalty of Peru (Spanish: Virreinato del Perú) was a Spanish imperial provincial administrative district, created in 1542, that originally contained modern-day Peru and most of the Spanish Empire in South America, governed from the capital of Lima.

How long did Spain rule Peru?

Spanish Peru, 1532–1560: A Colonial Society.

How long was Peru colonized by Spain?

Within 20 years, the Empire was in ruins and the Spanish were in undisputed possession of the Inca cities and wealth. Peru would continue to be one of Spain’s most loyal and profitable colonies for another 300 years.

When did Spain leave Peru?

28 July 1821
José de San Martín and his forces liberated Peru and proclaimed its independence from Spain on 28 July 1821.

What did Spain call Peru?

In 1542, the Spanish created the Viceroyalty of New Castile, that shortly after would be called Viceroyalty of Peru.

Who freed Peru from Spain?

José de San Martín
José de San Martín and his forces liberated Peru and proclaimed its independence from Spain on 28 July 1821. The two leading figures of the South American wars of independence were Simon Bolivar in the north and José de San Martín in the south.

Was Peru part of the Spanish Empire?

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