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Can low birth weight cause developmental delay?

Can low birth weight cause developmental delay?

Several studies have shown that preterm or low birth weight infants may have cognitive and behavioral problems later. In general, better developmental outcome was associated with a longer period of gestation [1], [2]. Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants had higher risk for developmental dysfunction [3].

What disorder is associated with very low birth weight babies?

Here are some of the most common problems of babies with VLBW: Low blood sugar levels at birth. Retinopathy of prematurity, an eye disorder that can cause blindness. Low oxygen levels at birth.

How does low birth weight affect motor development?

In general, the shorter the gestational period or the lower the birth weight is, the greater the risk status for motor deficits in the premature infant (1). It is reported that approximately 10% of the ELBW (< 1,000 grams) preterm infants will develop cerebral palsy (CP).

How does birth weight affect language development?

Preterm infants and those with low birth weight have a higher occurrence of expressive language delay. These children have a significantly smaller vocabulary than children born at term at the same age, in all semantic categories.

Which of the following health problems are low birthweight babies likely to suffer from later in life?

Past studies have established that babies with a low birth weight are at increased risk of numerous health problems later in life, including obesity, hypertension, diabetes and heart disease.

Can low birth weight cause autism?

Furthermore, several population-based studies have reported no association between low birth weight and autism or ASD, after adjusting for potential confounders. Studies examining gestational age at birth and ASD have also yielded mixed findings.

How does birth weight affect health?

Babies who are born weighing too little may be more likely than others to have certain health conditions later in life, including: Diabetes. Heart disease. High blood pressure.

When do low birth weight babies catch up?

Results: Catch-up growth to above the third percentile occurred between 40 weeks and 8 months, 8 and 20 months, and up to 8 years of age among the VLBW children.

What are some of the causes and consequences of a child’s low birth weight?

Does a low birth weight cause problems for the baby?

  • Breathing problems, such as respiratory distress syndrome (also called RDS).
  • Bleeding in the brain (also called intraventricular hemorrhage or IVH).
  • Patent ductus arteriosus.
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis.
  • Retinopathy of prematurity.
  • Jaundice.
  • Infections.

What are 3 consequences of low birthweight in childhood and adulthood?

Low Birth Weight (LBW) IS associated with increased risk of depression, suicidal ideation, and poor well-being among young adults.

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