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What are the major reasons for the growth of slums in the developing countries?

What are the major reasons for the growth of slums in the developing countries?

Slums form and grow in different parts of the world for many different reasons. Causes include rapid rural-to-urban migration, economic stagnation and depression, high unemployment, poverty, informal economy, forced or manipulated ghettoization, poor planning, politics, natural disasters, and social conflicts.

What can be done to prevent the development of new slums?

Successful strategies:

  • Slum upgrading.
  • Organized urbanization – Planning & Modifying urban areas to accommodate newcomers.
  • Legitimizing slums instead of driving them out of their homes.
  • Improving job opportunities in rural as well as urban areas.
  • Planning rural development along with urban development.

Are there slums in Nigeria?

Of this population, metropolitan Lagos, an area covering 37 per cent of the land area of Lagos State, is home to more than 85 per cent of the state population. Lagos metropolis represents the epitome of urban decay replete with environmental problems ranging from slums and squatter settlements to crime and delinquency.

What is the main reason that urbanization has mostly been informal slum growth?

There are two main reasons why slums develop: population growth and governance. Countries around the world are urbanising rapidly as more people migrate from rural areas to the cities and natural population growth continues to occur. Today, more than half the world’s population resides in urban areas.

What factors are responsible for the growth of slums in cities?

6 Factors responsible for the growth of slums in India

  • Growth rate of population (Urbanization)
  • Poor housing planning.
  • Slow development of Villages.
  • Vote politics.
  • High house Rents In Cities.
  • Refugees.

How do you handle slums?

Solutions common to these programs include:

  1. Prioritizing on-site, incremental upgrades.
  2. Ensuring vulnerable groups have a voice.
  3. Partnering with NGOs and academic institutions.
  4. Improving transport networks.
  5. Avoiding displacement of residents and improving access to services.

What are problems with slums?

The main physical attributes of the slum areas are substandard, dingy houses of high density and congestion, overcrowding, insanitary conditions, absence of basic amenities like water supply, drainage and sewerage and disposal of garbage, etc.

How do slums affect the growth of a city?

Slum-dwellers make up a large number of the service sector in urban areas. A lot of natural produce and local production of goods and services are provided in the slums, and these in turn affect the economy.

What are the effects of slums?

Slums have practically no drainage. Most of the slums are located near drains which contain filthy stagnant water. Health hazards: The poor living condition in slums affects the health of people mentally and physically. Water contamination cause disease like blood dysentery, diarrhoea, malaria, typhoid, jaundice etc.

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