Tricks and tips for everyone


What is colour index in igneous rock?

What is colour index in igneous rock?

colour index, in igneous petrology, the sum of the volume percentages of the coloured, or dark, minerals contained by the rock.

What are the colors of igneous rocks?

Igneous rocks are classified based on only 4 colors: mafic, ultramafic, felsic, and intermediate. Below is a table with examples of each color of igneous rock. No quartz or potassium feldspar is found. These are your dark green, brown, red, gray and black igneous rocks.

How is an igneous rocks color determined?

The color of igneous rocks is generally given by the amount of ferromagnesian minerals. In the specific case you are questioning, rhyolites similar to andesites in color, the magma composition will dictate it.

What is the most common color for an igneous rock?

Speaking about igneous rocks, it’s vital to remember they are formed at high temperatures as a result of the solidification of molten rock and usually at great depths. they can be both light-colored and black-colored, however tend not to be red because the iron minerals cannot oxidize under these conditions.

What do you mean by colour index?

colour index, in astronomy, the difference between two measurements of the magnitude (brightness on a logarithmic scale) of a star made at different wavelengths, the value found at the longer wavelength being subtracted from that found at the shorter.

What is the colour index of granite?

Granite colours are most commonly pink, white, variations of grey and black. However, it’s important to note that some stones marketed as black ‘granite’ are in fact likely gabbro as granite must contain at least 20% quartz within a rock to make it granite.

What is the Colour index of granite?

What is mafic color index?

Colour index is one of many methods used for classifying igneous rocks. If a rock has 60% modal mafic minerals it has a colour index of 60. Rocks with colour indices between 50 and 90 are termed ‘mafic’ rocks (e.g. basalts). From: colour index in A Dictionary of Earth Sciences ยป

What is the color index of obsidian?

Category Volcanic glass
Color Deep black or blackish green
Fracture Conchoidal

What is the color of basalt rock?

dark gray to black
Basalts are usually dark gray to black color. Basalts are formed by the rapid cooling of basaltic lava, equivalent to gabbro-norite magma, from interior of the crust and exposed at or very close to the surface of Earth. These basalt flows are quite thick and extensive, in which gas cavities are almost absent.

Related Posts