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What is congenital CMV?

What is congenital CMV?

When a baby is born with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, it is called congenital CMV. Most babies with congenital CMV never show signs or have health problems. However, some babies have health problems at birth or that develop later.

Is CMV standard precautions?

Standard precautions in healthcare settings are adequate for preventing transmission of CMV between patients and staff. Routine screening of patients for CMV infection is not recommended.

What is CV virus?

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common virus. Once infected, your body retains the virus for life. Most people don’t know they have CMV because it rarely causes problems in healthy people. If you’re pregnant or if your immune system is weakened, CMV is cause for concern.

What CMV means?

Related Pages. Cytomegalovirus (pronounced sy-toe-MEG-a-low-vy-rus), or CMV, is a common virus that infects people of all ages. Over half of adults have been infected with CMV by age 40. Most people infected with CMV show no signs or symptoms.

How is congenital CMV diagnosed?

Diagnosis. Congenital CMV infection is diagnosed by detection of CMV DNA in the urine, saliva (preferred specimens), or blood, within three weeks after birth. Infection cannot be diagnosed using tests that detect antibodies to CMV.

Is CMV airborne?

Spread through bodily fluids like urine, saliva, tears, semen, breast milk, mucus, and blood, CMV isn’t airborne or considered to be highly contagious.


Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a double-stranded DNA virus and is a member of the Herpesviridae family.

What is CMV in fetus?

KEY POINTS. Cytomegalovirus (also called CMV) is the most common infection passed from pregnant people to babies during pregnancy. More than half of adults have been infected with CMV by age 40 but most don’t know they’ve been infected. Once you’re infected with CMV, it stays in your body for the rest of your life.

When do you treat congenital CMV?

In neonates with symptomatic congenital CMV infection, postnatal valganciclovir/ganciclovir treatment should be considered and commenced within the first 4 weeks of life. There is evidence that treatment can reduce or prevent progression of SNHL and improve long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes in some infants.

What is CMV positive?

When no IgM antibodies are present, but IgG antibodies are present, a person is CMV positive. This means that he/she has had a CMV infection in the past but does not have an acute infection. When IgM and IgG antibodies are present, there is an acute infection.

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