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What is endogenous and exogenous in psychology?

What is endogenous and exogenous in psychology?

Goal-driven attention is referred to as top-down or endogenous attention, whereas stimulus-driven attention is referred to as bottom-up or exogenous attention, being driven by external events in the environment (e.g., Posner & Cohen, 1984).

What is endogenous attention psychology?

Endogenous, or top-down, attention is a voluntary, sustained, goal-driven process. Information that aligns with an observer’s behavioral goals are internally selected for further processing. It involves a more effortful process such as being instructed to orient attention to a particular location.

What does endogenous mean in psychology?

originating within the body
adj. originating within the body as a result of normal biochemical or physiological processes (e.g., endogenous opioids) or of predisposing biological or genetic influences (e.g., endogenous depression).

What is the primary difference between endogenous and exogenous depression?

Endogenous depression seems to arise from within, where exogenous depression is linked to specific external events. Regardless of the cause, depression is generally treated with medication, therapy, or a combination of the two.

What is the key difference between exogenous and endogenous attention in terms of where the brain circuits begin?

The brain circuit for exogenous attention begins in sensory areas such as the visual cortex, whereas the circuit for endogenous attention begins in the prefrontal cortex. Video 5 showed that there are several structures involved in selective attention, and therefore potentially implicated in the development of ADHD.

What is exogenous attention quizlet?

Terms in this set (27) Endogenous vs Exogenous Attention. Exogenous attention: reflexive and stimulated from environment – pulled from environment (i.e. teacher hits the board and we look) – also known as reflective attention. stimuli from environment attract attention automatically.

What are exogenous zeitgebers psychology?

Exogenous zeitgebers (EZ) are external stimuli from the environment that influence our biological cycles and rhythms such as light. EZ are essentially ‘time tellers’ – examples are sunrise and sunset that let us know what general time it is.

What is overt attention quizlet?

Overt. orienting of focus with use of head/ eye movements.

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