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Which representation for the Lewis structure of HNO3 is correct?

Which representation for the Lewis structure of HNO3 is correct?

The HNO3 Lewis structure is best thought of as the NO3 with an H attached to one of the oxygen atoms. This is a pattern seen with many acids.

How many Lewis structures is HNO3?

For HNO3, in order to satisfy the octet rule, the nitrogen atom would form 1 double bond and 2 single bonds. Based on octet rule alone, there are 3 possible resonance structures that are favorable.

How do you write a Lewis representation?

How to Draw a Lewis Structure

1. Step 1: Find the Total Number of Valence Electrons.
2. Step 2: Find the Number of Electrons Needed to Make the Atoms “Happy”
3. Step 4: Choose a Central Atom.
4. Step 5: Draw a Skeletal Structure.
5. Step 6: Place Electrons Around Outside Atoms.
6. Step 7: Place Remaining Electrons Around the Central Atom.

What is the shape of HNO?

If we look at the shape of the HNO3 molecule, it has a trigonal planar shape.

Is HNO3 a Lewis acid?

Is HNO3 lewis acid or base? In short, HNO3 acts as Lewis acid Because as per Lewis’s theory for acid, a compound that accepts the electron pair from another compound is classified as Lewis acid since HNO3 has an H+ ion that can accept the electron pairs from a compound donor.

Is the structure of HNO3?

Structure of HNO3 Molecules Nitric acid molecules contain 3 oxygen atoms, 1 nitrogen atom, and 1 hydrogen atom. In HNO3 molecules, one of the oxygen atoms is doubly bonded to the central nitrogen atom. Another oxygen atom is singly bonded to the central nitrogen atom and also singly bonded to a hydrogen atom.

How do Lewis diagrams work?

A Lewis diagram shows how the valence electrons are distributed around the atoms in a molecule. Shared pairs of electrons are drawn as lines between atoms, while lone pairs of electrons are drawn as dots next to atoms.

What is the electron geometry of HNO3?

The Lewis structure of HNO₃ shows that it is a resonance hybrid of two structures. The N atom has steric number SN = 3. The electron geometry is trigonal planar.

What is the shape and geometry of HNO3?

The electron geometry of HNO3 is trigonal planar. The Nitrogen atom is sp² hybridized in HNO3. The Oxygen bonded to H has SN = 4 (two bonding pairs and two lone pairs). The electron geometry is tetrahedral.

Is HNO3 a Lewis acid or Lewis base?

Why is hno3 not a Lewis acid?

Nitric acid (HNO3) acts as Lewis acid. Because it has an H+ ion that can accept the electron pairs from a compound donor. The conjugate base of HNO3 is NO3– and conjugate acid is NO2+. In presence of strong acids like sulfuric acid, HNO3 acts as the base because it has to accept the proton from the stronger acid.