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What does Kanun mean in Albanian?

What does Kanun mean in Albanian?

The Kanun is a set of traditional Albanian laws. The Kanun was primarily oral and only in the 20th century was it published in writing.

How old is Kanun?

Kanun dates to the late 15th Century. The Kanun is divided into 12 sections and helped regulate life for tribes in northern Albania.

What are the laws of the Kanun?

According to Albania’s ancient social code or “kanun,” one person may kill another to avenge an earlier murder. This principle of “gjakmarrja,” or blood vengeance, has seen a popular revival in the relative chaos of postcommunist Albania.

What does the word Kanun mean?

kanun, Arabic Qānūn, (kanun from Greek kanōn, “rule”), the tabulation of administrative regulations in the Ottoman Empire that supplemented the Sharīʿah (Islamic law) and the discretionary authority of the sultan. In Islamic judicial theory there was no law other than the Sharīʿah.

What does Besa mean in Albanian?

Besa (pledge of honor) is an Albanian cultural precept, usually translated as “faith” or “oath”, that means “to keep the promise” and “word of honor”.

What is Albanian blood feuds?

In the traditional Albanian culture, Gjakmarrja (English: “blood-taking”, i.e. “blood feud”) or hakmarrja (“revenge”) is the social obligation to kill an offender or a member of their family in order to salvage one’s honor.

Why did Kanan change his name?

The Jedi who did escape the immediate purge were not safe, and teams were formed within the Empire to help track down any remaining Jedi who may have escaped. So, much like Obi-Wan Kenobi, Kanan’s name change was mostly due to the fact that he had to become a new person to avoid the Empire.

What is the Code of Leke?

The Code of Leke Dukajini was a body of customary law by which the northern clans of Albania were ruled from about the 15th up to the beginning of the 20th Century, or even later. Although attributed to Leke Dukagjin, it evolved over many centuries — before, during, and after his lifetime.

Does the Kanun still exist?

For at least the last five centuries and until today, the Kanun has been kept alive only orally by Albanian tribal elders. The success in preserving them exclusively through oral systems highlights their universal resilience and provides evidence of their likely ancient origins.

What did the Ottoman Kanun address?

Its use originates from the difficulty to address certain matters (such as taxation, administration, financial matters, or penal law) by Sharia alone, which led the Ottoman rulers to use the Kanun to supplement, and sometimes supplant, religious law.

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